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The Radio Archive ~ January - June, 2008

June 26, 2008
Segments 1 and 3: "The Carlin Case. (2008)."
Segment 1:
Real Media. MP3. Time: 39:29.
Real Media. MP3. Time: 17:38.
This production, featuring Tony Diaz and Kym King and produced by Ernesto Aguilar, utilizes audio from the Pacifica Radio Archives and other sources "to explore the so-called Carlin case, the context, the evolution of free speech and the generation that pushed its rights beyond the scope of what was conceivable back in Independence Hall."

Segment 2: From the Archives: "Mario Savio and the Free Speech Movement at Berkeley (1964)."
Real Media. MP3. Time: 5:27.
Mario Savio was one of the leaders of the Berkeley Free Speech Movement of 1965. This selection from one of his public addresses -- delivered at the Sproul Hall sit-in at The University of California at Berkeley on December 2, 1964 -- is perhaps the most famous of his speeches. For a transcription of the speech, see http://www.americanrhetoric.com/speeches/mariosaviosproulhallsitin.htm.

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June 19, 2008
Segments 1 and 3: "An Interview with Jean Renoir (1960)."
Segment 1:
Real Media. MP3. Time: 25:45.
Segment 3:
Real Media. MP3. Time: 27:50.
From From The Vault -- an exploration of the life and career of French film director Jean Renoir, in his own words. Renoir's "influence on the art of cinema is indisputable with iconic films as Rules of the Game (1939), Diary of a Chambermaid (1946), The River (1951) and his masterpiece Grand Illusion (1933), which was the first Foreign Language film to be nominated for an Academy Award for Best Picture. In 1960, Pacifica station WBAI producer Dale Minor sat down for a lengthy interview with an animated, opinionated and charming Jean Renoir." Also included are some comments from film critic Pauline Kael.

Segment 2: From the Archives: "The Souls of Black Folk: A Reading (1903; 2008)."
Real Media. MP3. Time: 25:58.
"The Souls of Black Folk, written by W.E.B. Du Bois and published in 1903, is one of the most lyrical and pathbreaking explorations of race in America. Du Bois not only explored the sociological and cultural dimensions of black culture, but also took on Book T. Washington's notions of how best for blacks to advance in a white, Euro-American society. Our thanks to LibriVox.Org for making this and many more recordings of classic texts available to the general public.

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June 12, 2008
Segment 1: Emmanuel Okocha on the Biafran Secession of 1967 (2008).
Real Media. MP3. Time: 27:37.
Dialogue's George Liston Seay interviews Emmanuel Okocha, the author of Blood on the Niger: The First Black on Black Genocide. "The Biafran secession from Nigeria in 1967 unleashed one of Africa�s most brutal wars as the federal government quelled the rebellion. So savage were reprisals that many view the Nigerian response as a precursor of the genocidal tragedies in Rwanda and Darfur a generation later. Emmanuel Okocha, orphaned by the conflict, details the dreadful massacre of the village of Asaba during the Biafran War."

Segment 2: "Frank Zappa Takes on the PMRC" (1985).
Real Media. MP3. Time: 32:30.
In 1985, the Parents' Music Resource Center (PMRC), led by Tipper Gore, pressured both Congress and the record industry to adopt a music ratings system, similar to that already adopted by the film industry. On September 19th, 1995, in response to this pressure, the U.S. Senate's Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation, held a hearing on the issue. Among those who testified were: Dee Snider of Twisted Sister, John Denver, and Frank Zappa. Today we present Zappa's testimony. For a transcript of Zappa's testimony, see: http://downlode.org/Etext/zappa.html. For a short biography of Zappa, see: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frank_Zappa.

Segment 3: "Anthony Lewis on the First Amendment."
Real Media. MP3. Time: 25:58.
Francesca Rheannon, producer of Writers Voice, talks with two-time Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist Anthony Lewis about his pithy and thought-provoking study of the evolution of the First Amendment, Freedom for the Thought that We Hate: A Biography of the First Amendment (Basic Books, 2007).

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June 5, 2008
Segment 1: Tahima Anam on Bangladesh's Creation: A Golden Age (2008).
Real Media. MP3. Time: 26:55.
Dialogue's George Liston Seay interviews Tahima Anam, author of A Golden Age. "In 1971, East Pakistan rose in revolt against the oppressive regime that had, for so long, exploited its wealth and disdained its people. That regime was based in West Pakistan, the dominant portion of a political state whose physical entity was separated by a thousand miles of Indian territory. Like all wars this conflict was written in the blood of individuals. In her new book author of "A Golden Age" Tahmima Anam tells the story of Bangladesh's creation through the eyes of a courageous young widow."

Segment 2: From the Archives: Louisa May Alcott's Hospital Sketches (1863; Librivox, 2008)."
Real Media. MP3. Time: 24:14.
From LibriVox [www.librivox.org], here is a partial reading of the chapter three of Louisa May Alcott's Hospital Sketches (1863; expanded edition, 1869). Alcott, the Transcendentalist, abolitionist, and feminist author best known for her work Little Women (1868), served for around six weeks in a Union hospital in Georgetown, DC in the winter of 1862-63. She wrote extensive letters about her experiences there as a nurse and edited them together to produce Hospital Sketches in 1863. While in service, Louisa contracted typhoid fever and although she recovered after treatment with calomel (a drug heavily laden with mercury and used to cure typhoid), the heavy dosage of mercury she received in her treatment plagued her for the rest of her life. There are extensive WWW sites focusing on Alcott. For a good start, see: and for the full text of Hospital Sketches, see: http://www.gutenberg.org/etext/3837.

Segment 3: "American Bloomsbury."
Real Media. MP3. Time: 27:36.
Francesca Rheannon, producer of Writers Voice, interviews author Susan Cheever about her book, American Bloomsbury: Louisa May Alcott, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Margaret Fuller and Henry David Thoreau: Their Lives, Their Loves, Their Work, an examination of the intellectual life of a group of distinguished writers and thinkers whose lives revolved around Concord, MA. There the Transcendentalists "invented a new form of American literature that often came from the yearnings, erotic passions, and disappointments they so deeply felt. Cheever tells us about the ambivalent relationship between Emerson and Thoreau, how Nathanial Hawthorne turned his despair into THE SCARLET LETTER and why Louisa May Alcott began writing LITTLE WOMEN. The daughter of the American writer John Cheever, Susan Cheever is the also the author of the memoir AS GOOD AS I COULD BE, published in 2001, as well as numerous other books."

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May 29, 2008
Segment 1: "Grandma was an Activist: 'Readin' and 'ritin' on the road to power - Socialist Women on Campus."
Real Media. MP3. Time: 29:20.
This is the fifth episode of a six-part series titled Grandma Was an Activist: A Radio Series on Radical Women in the 1930s, which extensively utilized oral histories from the Oral History of the American Left collection at the Tamiment Library, NYU. It was produced by Charlie Potter and Beth Friend back in 1983 and was first aired on WBAI-FM (NY) in that year. The six half-hour programs included: (1) "The black and the red" - Activists in Harlem early in the Depression; (2) "How do you spell relief?" - The WPA and unemployment; (3) "On the line" - Women in the labor movement; (4) "They shall not pass" - Women of the anti-fascist movement; (5) "Readin' and 'ritin' on the road to power" - Socialist women on campus; and (6) "The militant muse" - Activist women in the arts.

Segment 2: From the Archives: "Norman Mailer on the Vietnam War and LBJ" (1965).
Real Media. MP3. Time: 52:44.
In this recording from the Pacifica Radio Archives (recorded on May 21, 1965 at a major anti-Vietnam War rally held in Berkeley, California), writer Norman Mailer offers a scathing critique of President Lyndon B. Johnson and the Vietnam War.

Segment 3: "The Chicano Movement in 1968."
Real Media. MP3. Time: 28:28.
From the Vault, from Pacifica, examines the early history of the Chicano Movment: "From the fields of the rich California farm lands to the gritty landscape of urban reality, there was a growing Movement in 1968 within the Mexican American community. This program highlights classic 1968 recordings."

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May 22, 2008
Segments 1 and 3: "Christine Ehrick on Women and Radio in Uruguay and Argentina: Radio Femenina."
Segment 1:
Real Media. MP3. Time: 28:05.
Segment 3:
Real Media. MP3. Time: 18:55.
Prof. Susan Gauss of the University at Albany, SUNY, interviews Christine Ehrick (MA, Phd UCLA), Associate Professor of History at the University of Louisville, about Radio Femenina and women and radio in the Puerta del Sol. Ehrick's first book, The Shield of the Weak: Feminism and the State in Uruguay, 1903-1933, which was published in 2005 by the University of New Mexico Press, is a comparative study of feminist political organizations across the political spectrum and their relationship to the emergence of Latin America's first "welfare state." She is currently researching women and citizenship in "golden age" of Latin American radio (1930s-1950s), and is interested in intersections of gender and technology in Latin America. Dr. Ehrick teaches courses in Colonial and Modern Latin America, the History of Mexico, Latin American Women, and Media History. Recorded 5/11/2008 at the Dept. of History/Documentary Studies Program Sound Studio at the University at Albany, SUNY.

Segment 2: From the Archives: "John Cage (1965)."
Real Media. MP3. Time: 46:07.
Music and dance composer, writer, artist, printmaker -- John Cage (1912�1992) was recorded at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art on January 6, 1965. This is a long selection from that talk. John Milton Cage Jr. is best known for his pioneering work in modern avant-garde music, and his experiments with conceptual and chance music. He was strongly influenced by Henry Cowell and Arnold Schoenberg. For more information about Cage, see: http://ronsen.org/cagelinks.html. Our thanks to the Pacifica Radio Archives for this recording.

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May 15, 2008
Segment 1: "The Miracle Case."
Real Media. MP3. Time: 25:43.
Prof. Laura Wittern-Keller, author of Freedom of the Screen: Legal Challenges to State Film Censorship (University Press of Kentucky) and visiting professor of History at the University at Albany, SUNY, tells the story of the attempt in the early 1950s to block the showing of Roberto Rossellini film 'The Miracle,' and film distributor Joseph Burstyn's battle against film censorship. Recorded at the University at Albany's History and Documentary Studies Sound Studio, April 11, 2008.
BACKGROUND: "In 1950 the Roberto Rossellini film 'The Miracle,' part of a trilogy called 'Ways of Love,' was condemned by the Catholic Legion of Decency and censored by the New York State Motion Picture Division (the state censor board). The Miracle's" distributor, Joseph Burstyn, fought back through the New York courts and finally at the United States Supreme Court, claiming that his First Amendment rights had been violated by the state. Burstyn won and in 1952, a unanimous Supreme Court ruled that movies were entitled to the free speech protections of the First Amendment. The story did not end there, though, since the Court allowed state censorship statutes to stand provided they were "narrowly drawn." The fight over the right of states to pre-approve movies continued until 1965 when all states but Maryland stopped censoring movies." For more information on this story, see Laura Wittern-Keller's Freedom of the Screen and the forthcoming Burstyn v. Wilson: The Miracle Case by Ray Haberski, Jr. and Laura Wittern-Keller (Landmarks Law Cases series of the University Press of Kansas).

Segment 2: From the Archives: "Bayard Rustin on The Future of Minorites in America" (1968).
Real Media. MP3. Time: 15:33.
In this selection from a Pacifica Radio Archives recording, Bayard Rustin talks about the changing role for minorities in American society. His remarks were first broadcast on September 29, 1968 on WBAI in NYC. For a short on line biography of Rustin, see: http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/USArustin.htm.

Segment 3: "H. Rap Brown and Stokely Carmichael (Feb. 21, 1968)."
Real Media. MP3. Time: 10:29.
Once again we thank Pacifica Radio Archives for these selections from a February 1968 Huey P. Newton Birthday rally, held in the Los Angeles Sports Arena. The speakers at this rally included Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) leaders Stokely Carmichael, H. Rap Brown, and several other Black Panther and SNCC leaders. We offer here some of the remarks from H. Rap Brown and Stokely Carmichael. For more information on Huey P. Newton and the generation of young black radicals who broke away from Martin Luther King's non-violent philosophy and influence, see the PBS A Huey P. Newton Story documetnary film WWW site: http://www.pbs.org/hueypnewton/index.html

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May 8, 2008
Segment 1: "May Day at Home and Abroad: A Restrospective Look From the Vault."
Real Media. MP3. Time: 37:55.
In this edited episode of From the Vault, we examine "how May Day celebrations manifest themselves in different ways here at home and around the world, using historic audio from Pacifica Radio Archives."

Segment 2: From the Archives: "The Real Norma Rae"(1980).
Real Media. MP3. Time: 7:11.
The 1979 film, Norma Rae, starring Sally Field, was inspired by the experiences of Crystal Lee Sutton, a Roanoke Rapids, North Carolina textile worker and union organizer who was fired from her job at J. P. Stevens. This is an extended excerpt from a 1980 interview with Crustal Lee Sutton, conducted by Bob ALdrich and Sam Kushner for Pacifica Radio.

Segment 3: "The San Francisco General Strike, 1934."
Real Media. MP3. Time: 8:10.
Once again we thank Pacifica Radio Archives for this selection from a 1964 documentary on the 83-day San Francisco Waterfront Strike of 1934. The strike grew out of a broader West Coast strike by longshoremen and sailors seeking union recognition, a general labor contract, and union-run hiring halls. It lasted 83 days and in San Francisco, after bloody confrontations with police, it led to a four day general strike. For more information about the strike, see David F. Selvin, A Terrible Anger: The 1934 Waterfront and General Strikes in San Francisco; Bruce Nelson, Workers on the Waterfront, Seamen, Longshoremen and Unionism in the 1930s; Howard Kimeldorf, Reds or Rackets, The Making of Radical and Conservative Unions on the Waterfront; Charles Larrowe, Harry Bridges, The Rise and Fall of Radical Labor in the U.S.. For briefer coverage, see: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1934_West_Coast_Longshore_Strike.

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May 1, 2008
"Remembering Kent State, 1970." [Re-broadcast]
Part 1: Real Media. MP3. Time: 26:40.
Part 2: Real Media. MP3. Time: 29:20
Our host station's [WRPI-FM] transmitter was down this week and so we did not broadcast our planned May Day show. We will broadcast it next week. Those of you who access our programming on line might be interested in a program we broadcast five years ago -- and which was first aired on Kent State University's WKSU-FM on May 5, 2002 -- a documentary on Kent State produced by Mark Urycki. Here is Urycki's summary of his documentary: "When thirteen students were shot by Ohio National Guard Troops during a war demonstration on the Kent State University Campus on the first week of May 1970, four young lives were ended and a nation was stunned. More than 30 years later, the world at war is a different place. However, those thirteen seconds in May, 1970 still remain scorched into an Ohio hillside. Through archival tape and interviews, Remembering Kent State tracks the events that led up to the shootings."

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April 24, 2008
Segments 1 and 3: "World War II Radio Propaganda: Real and Imaginary"
Segment 1:
Real Media. MP3. Time: 28:26.
Segment 3:
Real Media. MP3. Time: 20:48.
In a live Talking History broadcast, historians Ann Pfau and David Hochfelder discuss their recent research into real and imagined World War II propaganda broadcasts from Japan and Germany made by Iva Toguri, William Joyce, Mildred Gillars,and Rita Zucca. Our conversation with them explores such varied topics as wartime rumors, popular legends about World War II radio propaganda, oral history, British and American wartime propaganda monitoring, soldier surveys, and popular histories and Hollywood depictions of Tokyo Rose, Lord Haw Haw, and Axis Sally. Pfau holds a Ph.D. in United States history from Rutgers University and is author of Miss Yourlovin: GIs, Gender, and Domesticity during World War II (forthcoming as an e-book from Columbia University Press in May 2008). She will begin researching a book about World War II radio traitors later this month. David Hochfelder is assistant professor at SUNY at Albany. He is currently finishing a book on the history of the American telegraph industry. His interest in WW2 radio propaganda arose from his work in public history and oral history.

Segment 2: From the Archives: "An Ezra Pound Poetry Recitation, (1939)."
Real Media. MP3. Time: 7:09.
Ezra Pound, born in Hailey, Idaho in 1885, remains one of the most honored and condemned man of letters of the past century. As a poet who was in the forefront of the modernist movement of the early 20th century -- and as a translater of Japanese, Chinese, and Anglo Saxon poetry -- he stood out among his peers, producing exceptionally sophisticated original work and richly nuanced translations. He was also, unfortunately, elitist, antisemitic, and pro-fascist. In 1924, he moved to Italy and went into voluntary exile. Soon afterward, he embraced Fascist politics and served the regime of Mussolini. Upon his return to the United States in 1945, he was arrested on charges of treason for broadcasting wartime pro-Fascist radio propaganda. Acquited in 1946 because he was ruled mentally ill, he was committed to St. Elizabeths Hospital in Washington, D.C. and spent twelve years there; he was released in 1958, and returned to his beloved Italy, where he died in 1972. Here we offer a 1939 reading of "The Seafarer" by Pound. More readings and recordings of Pound may be found int the following excellent University of Pennsylvania Web site: http://writing.upenn.edu/pennsound/x/Pound.html.

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April 17, 2008
Segments 1 and 3: "1968: Voices from 1968."
Segment 1:
Real Media. MP3. Time: 29:37.
Segment 3:
Real Media. MP3. Time: 22:45.
From Pacifica Radio's From the Vault, we present this compilation of recordings from 1968. The collection includes: "recordings from 1968 include Dr. Benjamin Spock, Ray Bradbury, Allen Ginsberg, Aatuality from inside and outside the Democratic National Convention in Chicago, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr, H. Rap Brown, Arthur C. Clarke, Greek actress and politician Melina Mercouri, Olympian John Carlos, Muhammad Ali, Joan Baez, Seymour Hersh, Pacifica Reporter Dale Minor from Vietnam, James Baldwin and Coretta Scott King, Actuality from the People's March on Washington with Jesse Jackson. Music from 1968 includes Sun Ra, Van Morrison, Nina Simone, Bob Dylan, Cream, David Bowie, The Band, Aretha Franklin, Ike and Tina Turner, Simon and Garfunkel, The Rolling Stones, Canned Heat, Traffic, The Doors, Buffalo Springfield, Blood Sweat and Tears, Jethro Tull, The Bee Gees, Big Brother and the Holding Company, Pink Floyd. Jefferson Airplane, Moody Blues, Velvet Underground, The Grateful Dead, Sly and the Family Stone." Many of the voice recordings presented in this broadcast have survived because of the work of Pacifica's Preservation and Access Project. If you want to learn more about this project and how you can help keep these and other recordings alive, go to: http://pacificaradioarchives.org/projects/index.html.

Segment 2: From the Archives: "A 1968 Film Classic: Night of the Living Dead" (edited audio track selection).
Real Media. MP3. Time: 6:54.
Few people might associate George A. Romero's "Monster Flick," Night of the Living Dead with 1968, but a closer analysis of the film by film scholars have placed it squarely within the social context of the late 1960s, the Civil Rights movement, the Cold War, and the growing movement culture of the period. How one interprets the film, with its portrayal of the reanimation of the dead as zombies that prey on the living, with its horrific cannibalistic scenes, depends greatly on what one brings to it. Some have seen it as a parable of the Cold War and anti-Soviet, anti-Communist fears -- equating it closely with the horrors of that ultimate Cold War-era struggle, Vietnam. Others see it as a critique of capitalism and mindless consumption. Still others view it as a critique of the period's Civil Rights Movement, pointing out that the actions and ultimate death of one of the film's central characters, an African American named Ben (played by Duane Jones) represented a cynical -- even nihilistic -- late 1960s view of the impotence of Civil Rights movement (remember, this was the era of the rise of the Black Panthers and "Black Power" and the movement of black youth away from Martin Luther King's non-violent philosophy). As Romero admitted: "It was 1968, man. Everybody had a 'message'. The anger and attitude and all that's there is just because it was the Sixties. We lived at the farmhouse, so we were always into raps about the implication and the meaning, so some of that crept in." For more information on the film, see the well-documented Wikipedia entry on it at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Night_of_the_Living_Dead#cite_note-RomeroJones-58. You can find a fine bibliography of published works there as well.

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April 10, 2008
Segment 1: "Forty Years Since King: Barbara Ransby (University of Illinois, Chicago Circle) on 'Women, The Black Poor and the Diverse Politics of Freedom,' (OAH/LAWCHA Talk, March 29, 2008)."
Real Media. MP3. Time: 25:30.
On March 29th, 2008, at the Organization of American Historians Meeting and Conference held in New York City, a rountable session took place commemorating the fourtieth anniversary of the assassination of Martin Luther King Jr. The session, "Forty Years Since King: Struggling to End Racism, Sexism, Poverty, and War" was sponsored by the Labor and Working-Class History Association and featured the following presentations: Clayborne Carson (Stanford University) on "The Social Gospel Radicalism of Martin Luther King, Jr.," Michael Honey (University of Washington) on "King, Black Workers, and the Spirit of Memphis," Barbara Ransby (University of Illinois, Chicago Circle) on "Women, The Black Poor and the Diverse Politics of Freedom," and Manning Marable (Columbia University) on "The King Legacy and Today�s Freedom Struggles." Today we conclude our broadcast of the four presentions. Our thanks to WBAI and Pacifica for making this recording available to us.

Segment 2: From the Archives: "Daisy Bates on Civil Rights and Little Rock (selection), 1964."
Real Media. MP3. Time: 3:38.
Daisy Bates (Nov. 11, 1914 - Nov. 4, 1999) was a Little Rock, Arkansas publisher and civil rights leader who was a key player in that city's school desegregation struggles of 1957. She and her husband, L. C. Bates, had published the Arkansas State Press since 1941, using it as a vehicle for civil rights advocacy. In the wake of the 1954 Brown v. Board Supreme Court decision, local civil rights activists in Little Rock, including Daisy Bates, organized to challenge the city's segregated school system. Bates became a central adviser and supporter of nine Black high school students who attempted to integrate Little Rock Central High School, a previously all white school. The struggle to desegregate the school became a major battle in the national civil rights movement of the late 1950s and brought about a confrontation between Arkansas intransigent Governor Orval Faubus and President Dwight D. Eisenhower, who federalized the State's National Guard and sent in the 101st Airborne Division to enforce the Brown decision. For more information about Little Rock and Bates, see Daisy Bates' oral history, available through the Southern Oral History Project and on the WWW at: http://docsouth.unc.edu/sohp/G-0009/menu.html.

Segment 3: "Forty Years Since King: Manning Marable (Columbia University) on "The King Legacy and Today�s Freedom Struggles," including questions and concluding remarks (OAH/LAWCHA Talk, March 29, 2008).
Real Media. MP3. Time: 27:14.
For description, see text under "Segment 1" above.

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April 3, 2008
Segment 1: "Forty Years Since King: Clayborne Carson on "The Social Gospel Radicalism of Martin Luther King, Jr." (OAH/LAWCHA Talk, March 29, 2008).
Real Media. MP3. Time: 17:38.
On March 29th, 2008, at the Organization of American Historians Meeting and Conference held in New York City, a rountable session took place commemorating the fourtieth anniversary of the assassination of Martin Luther King Jr. The session, "Forty Years Since King: Struggling to End Racism, Sexism, Poverty, and War" was sponsored by the Labor and Working-Class History Association and featured the following presentations: Clayborne Carson (Stanford University) on "The Social Gospel Radicalism of Martin Luther King, Jr.," Michael Honey (University of Washington) on "King, Black Workers, and the Spirit of Memphis," Barbara Ransby (University of Illinois, Chicago Circle) on "Women, The Black Poor and the Diverse Politics of Freedom," and Manning Marable (Columbia University) on "The King Legacy and Today�s Freedom Struggles." Over this week and next, we will be airing all four presenations. Our thanks to WBAI and Pacifica for making this recording available to us.

Segment 2: From the Archives: "Plessy v. Ferguson (1896): A reading of the Supreme Court Majority Opinion (selection)."
Real Media. MP3. Time: 27:36.
From LibriVox [www.librivox.org], here is a partial reading of the majority opinion of the 1896 U.S. Supreme Court ruling known as Plessy v. Ferguson. The Court upheld an 1890 Louisiana statute that mandated racially "separate by equal" rairoad accommodations. The decision laid the foundations for the spread of Jim Crow laws throughout the South -- until it was overturned in 1954 by Brown v. Board of Education. For more information about Plessy v. Ferguson, see: http://www.law.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/conlaw/plessy.html.

Segment 3: "Forty Years Since King: Michael Honey (University of Washington) on "King, Black Workers, and the Spirit of Memphis," (OAH/LAWCHA Talk, March 29, 2008).
Real Media. MP3. Time: 33:36.
For description, see text under "Segment 1" above.

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March 27, 2008
Segment 1: "Out of the Kitchen and Into the Sweatshop." (2007).
Real Media. MP3. Time: 22:12.
Pacifica Radio Archives' From the Vault recently re-broadcast a selection from Joanna Brouk's documentary Out of the Kitchen and into the Sweatshop: The Story of Working Women in America; we bring it to you in this week's Talking History. The documentary, originally broadcast in March of 1979 on Pacifica Foundation station KPFA, focused on the "lives and works of Emma Goldman, Rose Schneiderman, Mother Jones, Jane Adams, and other women who struggled to alleviate the horrendous conditions of working classes in America." This segment focuses on Mother Jones and Emma Goldman.

Segment 2: From the Archives: "Alice Paul" [OFF SITE LINK]: Alice Paul's Recollections of Struggle (1972-73, Suffragists Oral History Project, UC-Berkeley).
Amelia R. Fry interviewed Alice Paul in 1972 and 1973, focusing on Paul's life and activist career, in England and in the United States. Alice Paul was the founder and leader of the National Woman's Party. After being drawn into the English suffragist movement while attending universities in Great Britain, she returned to this country carrying with her the many lessons in militant politics she learned from the English movement. She completed her Ph.D. at the University of Pennsylvania in 1912 and immediately threw herself into political activism. She soon became the head of the congressional committee of the National American Woman Suffrage Association. "Her group soon spun off from the mother organization, rejecting the state-by- state referenda as a method of achieving equal suffrage and evolving into the National Woman's Party, which worked for suffrage by constitutional amendment. The energetic militants soon became known for their central political strategies: make suffrage a mainstream issue through public demonstrations and protests, and increase political clout by holding the party in power responsible in elections in western states where women already had the vote." Paul also became -- for the rest of her life (she died in 1977) -- a strong proponent for the passage of an Equal Rights Amendment. The previous link will take you to several audio selections from Fry's taped interviews. For a full transcription of their conversations, see: Conversations with Alice Paul: Woman Suffrage and the Equal Rights Amendment, An Interview Conducted by Amelia R. Fry. For a short biography of Paul, see: http://www.lkwdpl.org/WIHOHIO/paul-ali.htm.

Segment 3: "I Remember When: Life in the Neighborhoods" (1982/3).
Real Media. MP3. Time: 36:09.
"I Remember When: Life in the Neighborhoods," is part of Charles Hardy's 1982-83 historical radio documentary series focusing on the social and political history of Philadelphia. In this segment, he explores the social and cultural world of working-class Italian women and families in Southwest Philadelphia. The segment, relying heavily on oral history, was one of three programs surveying the movement of immigrants from Southern and Eastern Europe to Philadelphia in the decades surrounding the turn of the Twentieth Century. The program was one of a dozen in a series produced by Hardy and titled "I REMEMBER WHEN: TIMES GONE BUT NOT FORGOTTEN." The series was broadcast in late 1982 and early 1983 on WUHY-FM in Philadelphia. Listen to other segments from this series, broadcast on Talking History in previous years.

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March 20, 2008
Segment 1: "Eric Weitz on Weimar Germany." (2007).
Real Media. MP3. Time: 43:54.
Francesca Rheannon, host and producer of Writer's Voice (www.writersvoice.net), contributed this segment focusing on Weimar Germany. As she describes it: "We talk with historian Eric Weitz about Weimar Germany: Promise and Tragedy. On the one side, there was Bauhaus, Expressionism, Magnus Hirschfeld and new freedom for gays and women, a vital and experimental theater�in short, an explosion of intellectual and artistic creativity. On the other: hyperinflation, economic depression, and bullies of the left and right rampaging in the streets, setting the stage for the Nazi seizure of power in 1933. We explore both sides of Weimar Germany and what lessons it may hold for us today."

Segment 2: From the Archives: "Bernadine Dohrn and the Poetry of the Women of the Weather Underground."
Real Media. MP3. Time: 1:42.
Here's a selection from a recent From the Vault broadcast of archival recordings of prominent activist women. It features Bernardine Dohrn, a "former leader of the 1960�s and 1970�s revolutionary anti-war group the Weathermen, reading poetry by women of that group � on International Women�s Day in 1975." She reads from a book she co-edited in 1975 (with Ed Ayers and Jeff Jones), Sing a Battle Song: The Revolutionary Poetry, Statements, and Communiques of the Weather Underground 1970 - 1974. The book is still widely available at bookstores and on line. For more information about Dohrn and her career, see: http://www.law.northwestern.edu/faculty/clinic/dohrn/dohrn.html and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bernadine_Dohrn and follow links on these sites for additional information.

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March 13, 2008
Segments 1 and 3: "Monacan Voices: The True History of First Contact and the Paper Genocide of the Virginia Indians." (2007).
Segment 1:
Real Media. MP3. Time: 33:31.
Segment 3:
Real Media. MP3. Time: 25:41.
From producer Kimberley Marie Lyman and the AIROS Native Radio Network, we bring you this lyrical documentary about the history of the Monacan Nation. "The earliest written histories of Virginia record that in 1607, the James River Monacan, along with their Mannahoac allies on the Rappahannock River, controlled the area between the Fall Line in Richmond and the Blue Ridge Mountains. The most western of Virginia's eight tribes, the Monacan Nation - over 1,400 strong - preserves our past heritage and ancient customs, bringing together the Siouan language and culture." The documentary -- through poetry and conversations with surviving members of the Monacan Nation of Virginia -- explores the early history of this Native American tribe and the paper genocide of Virginia Indians. It explores first contact, the Racial Integrity Act [also known as the paper Genocide of Virginia Indians], the struggle for Federal recognition of the tribe, the culture and history of the Virginia tribes, and much more.

Segment 2: From the Archives: "Woodrow Wilson addresses Native American Representatives in 1913."
Real Media. MP3. Time: 1:42.
President Woodrow Wilson was closely associated with a number of Progressive Era reforms -- reforms which he called the "New Freedom." Many of them, reflecting the prejudices of Porgressive reformers, were somewhat marred by paternalism and racism. Wilson's proposed reforms included legislation aimed at greater support of Native Americans -- but consistent with Federal Indian policy set by the Dawes Act of 1887, that meant, according to American Indian scholar Russel Lawrence Barsh, "the subdivision of Indian lands, establishment of tribal governments and corporations, and transfer of federal responsibilities to the states as successive stages of a single policy of gradual integration and assimilation of Indians" (American Indian Quarterly, Vol. 15, 1991). In a 1913 speech, Wilson spoke to a group of American Indian leaders, reassuring them about government intentions, and recounting the many assimilationist reforms promoted by federal and state governments. Here is a portion of his address.

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March 6, 2008
Segments 1 and 3: "Hume and Rousseau." (2007).
Segment 1:
Real Media. Time: 27:27.
Segment 3:
Real Media. Time: 21:29.
From Against the Grain, we bring you a conversation with David Edmonds and John Eidinow, authors of Rousseau's Dog: Two Great Thinkers at War in the Age of Enlightenment (Ecco, 2006). In this exchange, and in their book, the two explore the stormy falling-out between Jean-Jacques Rousseau and David Hume -- not only for its intrinsic drama but for its symbolic marking of a cultural and philosophical transition.

Segment 2: From the Archives: "John Locke's Letter on Toleration (1689)."
Real Media. MP3. Time: 5:18.
Published in 1689, in the midst of religious turmoil in Britain, British empiricist John Locke (1632-1704) published his Letter Concerning Toleration, in which he argued for toleration for various Christian denominations. In that work -- and in his later Two Treatises of Government, Locke developed a comprehensive justification of religious toleration, and first expressed the principle of separation of church and state, a principle that was later codified in the American Constitution. We offer here a selection from Letter Concerning Toleration, as provided to us by LibriVox (see http://www.librivox.org for the full reading. Simply search for "John Locke").

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February 28, 2008
Segments 1 and 3: "Every Voice and Sing (Episode 1): The Early Legends." (2007).
Segment 1: Real Media. Time: 28:55.
Segment 3: Real Media. Time: 30:12.
Eric V. Tait, Jr., Executive Producer at EVT Educational Productions, Inc. program host Michele Norris, writer-producer, Ann S. Hayward, and sound designer/audio engineer Duke Markos produced this series, Every Voice and Sing, which focuses on "the fascinating and little-known history of choral music and choirs at historically Black colleges and universities. The five-part series of stand-alone hours covers the period from Reconstruction to the present." Here we bring you episode one, "Every Voice: The Early Legends," which examines the founding and early history of Fisk, Hampton, Morehouse and Wilberforce, and the birth and development of their choirs. For more information on this and other segments, visit: http://www.evted.org/EVAS-Summaries.php.

Segment 2: From the Archives: "Lorraine Hansberry Speaking at 'The Black Revolution and the White Backlash' symposium (June 15, 1964)."
Real Media. MP3. Time: 7:25.
On June 15, 1964, a town hall meeting was held in New York City titled "The Black Revolution and the White Backlash." Panelists included Ossie Davis and Ruby Dee, LeRoi Jones (Amiri Baraka), David Suskind, and many others. Also included was African American playwrite and painter Lorrain Hansberry. Here are some of her comments, made in the course of that meeting. She recalls, among other things, her family's experiences with racism in Chicago. The recording comes to use from From the Vault and the Pacifica Radio Archives. For more information about Lansberry, see: http://www.kirjasto.sci.fi/corhans.htm.

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February 21, 2008
Segment 1: "End Game: The Collapse of the Soviet Union."
Part 1:
Real Media. MP3. Time: 27:10.
Here we present yet another contribution from George Liston Seay and Dialogue. Thomas Blanton, Director of the National Security Archive at George Wasnington University, and Igor Grazin, co-producer of the documentary film The Collapse of the Soviet Union joined Seay to talk about the role of the Balkan states in the demise of the Soviet Union. "When the Soviet Union collapsed there was a mad scramble for explanations of an event few had predicted. Almost no one looked at the contributing factor of Baltic opposition to Soviet domination. Revelations � in the late 1980�s � of secret agreements between Hitler and Stalin on the fate of the Baltic nations fueled public anger. That anger and the resulting rejection of Soviet rule are captured in a new documentary. Filmmaker Igor Grazin explains the film; Thomas Blanton comments on it."

Segment 2: "From the Vault: Lemuel Boulware and 'Boulwarism' (6-7-1949)."
Real Media. MP3. Time: 4:17.
In the wake of a major 1946 strike against the General Electric company -- in a year that witnessed a massive strike wave sweeping the U.S. -- marketing executive Lemuel Ricketts Boulware was selected by GE senior officers to take charge of the corporation's employee relations department He served as General Electric's central labor-management officer from the late 1940s and through the 1950s, taking on the title of Vice President of Employee and Public Relations in the mid-1950s. During his years of leadership, Boulware formulated an approach to union and labor management that came to be known as "Boulwarism," an approach that sought to bypass the power of unions by directly winning and holding the loyalty of workers and host communities through generous but unilateral contract offers. The coporation researched wages and working conditions, and simply made what Boulware called "fair, firm offers" and waited for GE unions to accept them. He felt his approach was nothing more than "trying to do right voluntarily." Organized labor felt differently. Union leaders and many workers felt that "Boulwarism" attempted to avoid honest and open bargaining. Paul Jennings, president of the International Union of Electrical Workers (IUE), noted that "Boulwarism" was an autocratic negotiating posture, attempting to simply tell workers what they needed, wanted, and deserved and then shoving it "down their throats." Here we present a short selection from comments Boulware made back in 1949, when he spoke on radio's America's Town Meeting of the Air on the topic of profit sharing. For more information on Boulware and "Boulwarism," see Boulware's own book, The Truth About Boulwarism (1969)and What You Can Do About Inflation, Unemployment, Productivity, Profit and Collective Bargaining"(1972). See also the on-line finding aid to the Lemuel Boulware collection at the University of Pennsylvania, with its short but detailed biography: Lemuel Boulware Papers.

Segment 3: "Operation Peter Pan, or Pedro Pan."
Real Media. MP3. Time: 17:00.
From Homelands Productions, we bring you Operation Pedro Pan: "In early 1960, just after the Cuban Revolution that brought Fidel Castro to power, rumors spread throughout Cuba that the newly installed communist government would take children away from their parents and ship them off to work camps in the Soviet Union. Frightened parents started sending their children alone to Miami under a little-known program run by a Catholic priest and financed in part by the US government. Over the next two years, more than 14,000 unaccompanied Cuban children arrived in the US under what became known as Operation Peter Pan, or Pedro Pan. The parents assumed they would join their children but following the Cuban missile crisis, children remained separated from the families for decades. Maria de los Angeles Torres was six years old when she landed in Miami as part of this massive airlift. Now a professor of Political Science at the University of Illinois at Chicago, she narrates this documentary that tells the story of the origins of the program, the US involvement and the impact on some of those children."

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February 14, 2008
Segments 1 and 3: "Politics and Friendship of W.E.B Du Bois and Paul Robeson."
Segment 1:
Real Media. MP3. Time: 27:48.
Segment 3:
Real Media. MP3. Time: 23:12.
From Against the Grain, we bring you this conversation with Murali Balaji, author of The Professor and the Pupil: The Politics and Friendship of WEB Du Bois and Paul Robeson (Nation Books, 2007): "African American giants W.E.B. Du Bois and Paul Robeson were tireless opponents of racial oppression and colonialism. Du Bois was the most prominent black intellectual leader and political activist of the early twentieth century, while the vastly talented Robeson was a brilliant athlete, multilingual actor, and singer. Murali Balaji talks about how their legacy of radicalism has been largely rewritten."

Segment 2: From the Archives: "Sigmund Freud on Sigmund Freud (1938)."
Real Media. MP3. Time: 2:25.
On this Valentine's Day, we take a look at some early attempts to understand human passions. Here is a selection from a BBC interview with Sigmund Freud, originally recorded on July 12, 1938. Freud's interest in sexuality dates back to his work as a 19-year old University of Vienna researcher, dissecting eels as part of his research into male sexual organs. His frustration with that line of research led him to more human-centered research and he sought out Ernst Br�cke, a physiologist who emphasized purely physical explanations for all biological phenomena. Freud came to reject much -- though not all -- of Br�cke's explanatory models; his theories of psychoanalysis went beyond purely physical explanations. He described the human mind as a complex entity characterized by dynamic interactions between ego, id, and superego. For more information about Freud, see: http://www.freudfile.org/.

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February 7, 2008
Segment 1: "An Interview with Langston Hughes (1963)."
Part 1:
Real Media. MP3. Time: 36:21.
We reprise -- in somewhat different form -- a visit we paid to Langston Hughes last year through this Pacifica Archives From the Vault production, featuring a 1963 interview first aired during the 1968 Langston Hughes Memorial and broadcast on Pacifica Radio KPFK�Los Angeles a year after Hughes died. "Langston Hughes, born on February 1st, 1906 published his first poem The Weary Blues in 1926, and went on to become the poet laureate of the African American experience. . . . In addition to poetry, he published fiction, drama, autobiography, and translations. The Academy of American Poets writes that Hughes is known for his insightful, colorful portrayals of black life in America from the Twenties through the Sixties and for his engagement with the world of jazz and the influence it had on his writing. All in all, the life and work of Langston Hughes that helped shape the artistic contributions of black America still resonates today, more than 100 years after his birth.".

Segment 2: "From the Vault: FDR and A. Philip Randolph (5/2/1935)."
Real Media. MP3. Time: 8:10.
A. Philip Randolph (1889-1979), black civil rights leader and president of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters from 1929 until 1968, tried to pressure President Franklin D. Roosevelt to desegregate the U.S. military and the defense industry. He later organized the March on Washington Movement in 1941, in protest against job discrimination. The threat of 100,000 individuals marching on Washington was sufficient to pressure Roosevelt to issue Executive Order 8802, which desegregated the defense industry and led to the establishement of the Fair Employment Practices Committee during World War II. In this recording, from September 27, 1940, Randolph discusses the need to address discrimination in the military with Roosevelt and with Frank Knox, Secretary of the Navy.

Segment 3: "Wobblies on the Waterfront."
Real Media. MP3. Time: 12:36.
Building Bridges features Peter Cole, author of Wobblies on the Waterfront: Interracial Unionism in Progressive-Era Philadelphia (Univ. of Illinois Press, 2007), who discusses the hidden history of an interracial union of Philadelphia longshore workers (Local 8), affiliated with the Industrial Workers of the World. Here are more details about Cole's book from the publisher's Web site: "For almost a decade during the 1910s and 1920s, the Philadelphia waterfront was home to the most durable interracial, multiethnic union seen in the United States prior to the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO) era. In a period when most unions, like many institutions, excluded blacks or segregated them, the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW) was ideologically committed to racial equality. More than any other IWW affiliate, however, Local 8 worked to become a progressive, interracial union. For much of its time, the union majority was black, always with a cadre of black leaders, which included Ben Fletcher. Local 8 also claimed immigrants from Eastern Europe, as well as many Irish Americans, who had a notorious reputation for racism. In Wobblies on the Waterfront, Peter Cole outlines the factors that were instrumental in Local 8's success, both ideological (the IWW's commitment to working-class solidarity) and pragmatic (racial divisions helped solidify employer dominance). He also shows how race was central not only to the rise but also to the decline of Local 8, as increasing racial tensions were manipulated by employers and federal agents bent on the union's destruction."

January 31, 2008
Segments 1 and 3: "D. Graham Burnett on a Nineteenth-Century New York Court Case That Put the Whale on Trial."
Segment 1:
Real Media. MP3. Time: 21:49.
Segment 2:
Real Media. MP3. Time: 27:33.
On Friday, November 16, 2007, Dr. D. Graham Burnett, a historian of science from Princeton University, was the keynote speaker at the annual Researching New York conference at the University at Albany, SUNY. He delivered this talk about an 1818 New York trial, Maurice, v. Judd, that raised public debate about the order of nature, and how we understand it. The trial dramatized the transformations that were taking place in the years of the early Republic, when Americans' understanding of the natural world was being challenged -- often in courts of law. Burnett explores the root question of Maurice, v. Judd: Is a whale a fish? The question was important economically, scientifically, and culturally. If indeed the courts ruled a whale a fish, whale oil was taxable as fish oil and subject to state inspection. But there was more at stake: arguments based on the new science of taxonomy challenged accepted Biblical interpretations and drove the debate. Listen, to learn more about this fascinating story -- and if you want to really understand all of the nuances of the case, see Burnett's book, Trying Leviathan: The Nineteenth-Century New York Court Case That Put the Whale on Trial and Challenged the Order of Nature (Princeton University Press, 2007).

Segment 2: "From the Archives: Charles Darwin and the Voyage of the Beagle ~ A Reading."
Real Media. MP3. Time: 4:36.
Darwin's Journal of Researches, which soon came to be known as The Voyage of the Beagle, was the result of five years of exploratory voyaging around the world on the H.M.S. Beagle (1831-1836). It was Darwin's first published work, coming out in 1839, and marked the beginning of his quest for a universal theory of biological development. Darwin revised the book several times, and it was published under several titles. His exploratory work on -- and off -- the Beagle laid the foundations for the development of his Theory of Evolution. In 1859, he published On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life, and in 1871, applied his his evolutionary theory to humankind, with the publication of The Descent of Man. Here, we present a short excerpt from the preface of The Voyage of the Beagle, a reading from the second edition of the work, published in 1844. It is read by Roger Turnau for LibriVox (see librivox.org).

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January 24, 2008
Segment 1: ""The Great Society and Its Discontents: A Delegation from the Poor People's March on Washington Visit the OEO in 1968."
Part 1:
Real Media. MP3. Time: 1:15:58.
Here are some voices of protest from the 1960s -- from various constituencies who were protesting the inadequacies of one of the most famous "Great Society" agencies, the Office of Economic Opportunity (OEO). led by Ralph Abernathy and Andrew Young, and by Coretta Scott King after the assassination of M. L. King Jr. earlier that month, a delegation of the poor along with social justice activists participated in the 1968 Poor People's Campaign and March on Washington. The Campaign was a project initiated by Martin Luther King Jr. and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. The delegation recorded here, on April 29, 1968, descended on the OEO headquarters in Washington D.C. to voice their grivances with the inadequacies of various OEO program. An OEO tape recorder recorded the exchanges with OEO bureaucrats. Throughout the following two months, delegations of protesters continued to voice their girevances. Like the Hoovervilles of the Great Depression, Washington's "Resurrection City," housed thousands of protesters in May and June of that year. For more information on the Poor People's Campaign and March, see: http://www.stanford.edu/group/King/about_king/encyclopedia/poorpeoples.html. For information on the history of the OEO, see: http://www.answers.com/topic/oeo.

Segment 2: "From the Vault: The New Deal and Its Discontents ~ Huey Long (5/2/1935)."
Real Media. MP3. Time: 4:16.
Here is a selection from one of Louisiana Senator and former Governor Huey Long's speeches attacking the inadequacies of Franklin D. Roosevelt's recovery and relief policies during the Great Depression. Long had been a supporter of Roosevelt, but soon turned agains him when he began to feel that Roosevelt was not going far enough in his reform of American capitalism. For more information about Long, see the resource page for educators at the Ken Burns' American Stories: Huey Long Web site: http://www.pbs.org/kenburns/hueylong/educators/. .

Segment 3: From the Archives: "America's Town Meeting of the Air Examines U.S. Refugee Policy in the Post-War Era. (1946)"
Real Media. MP3. Time: 59:39.
On October 31, 1946, "America's Town Meeting of the Air" (a public affairs radio program broadcast on the NBC Blue Network from 1935 to 1956) addressed the issue of post-War U.S. refugee policy. Since President Truman issued his December 22, 1945 directive on displaced persons, which slightly modified U.S. immigration quotas to permit a small number of displaced European refugees -- mainly Jews -- to enter the country, a national debate had begun over overhaul of immigration quota policies. In 1948, Congress passed the Displaced Persons Act which did open up U.S. immigration to 200,000 displaced persons (DPs) -- but the law was blatantly unfavorable to Jewish refugees (see Truman's criticism of the Act at: http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/print.php?pid=12942). Under pressure, Congress amended the bill in 1950, permitting a modest 80,000 Jewish refugees to enter the country. By that time, however, most refugees had found havens elsewhere, including Palestine.

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January 17, 2008
Segment 1: "The Age of Lincoln."
Part 1:
Real Media. MP3. Time: 26:27.
Dialogue's George Liston Seay interviews Historian Orville Vernon Burton, author of The Age of Lincoln, about the turbulent era that shaped and was shaped by Abraham Lincoln. The two explore the era of secession, the Civil War years, and the legacy of Lincoln through the Reconstruction Era and beyond.

Segment 2: "From the Vault: Lyndon Baines Johnson and Martin Luther King Jr. after the Election of 1964 (11-09-1964)."
Real Media. MP3. Time: 3:46.
This November 9, 1964 taped phone conversation between Martin Luther King Jr. and Lyndon Baines Johnson, took place just after LBJ's electoral victory in 1964. The two men congratulate each other and discuss what will now be achievable -- in civil rights and anti-poverty programs -- as a result of Johnson's political triumph. For more information about LBJ's taped phone conversations -- available throught the LBJ Library/NARA, see: http://www.lbjlib.utexas.edu/johnson/archives.hom/Dictabelt.hom/content.asp.

Segment 3: "Brown v. Board of Education."
Real Media. MP3. Time: 27:52.
Here is a 1988 documentary on Brown v. Board of Education, produced by Studio I and aired by the Voice of America.

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January 10, 2008
Segments 1 and 3: "Only in America: Program 6. No Dogs or Jews Allowed: The Story of Antisemitism in America."
Segment 1:
Real Media. MP3. Time: 29:39.
Segment 2:
Real Media. MP3. Time: 28:16.
"Only in America" is a documentary series produced by Larry Josephson that traces the migrations, settlement, lives, and achievements of Jews in America. This segment, the final one in the six-part series series, is subtitled "No Dogs or Jews Allowed: The Story of Antisemitism in America." It examines the evolution of Antisemitism in the U.S. from the 17th century until the present. Here is a summary, provided by the producers: "Antisemitism rose and fell from 1654 through the Civil War, the Gilded Age and from 1920-1945. John Lithgow reads Governor Peter Stuyvesant's letter to The Dutch West India Company asking for permission to expel the 23 Jews, calling them, "blasphemers of the name of Christ." Lithgow also reads General Grant's infamous Order # 11, banning all Jews from the area under his command, and Lincoln's telegram reversing that order. The program includes clips from Father Coughlin's antisemitic radio rants and from Charles Lindbergh's isolationist speeches accusing the Jews of pushing America into World War II. Antisemitism gradually ended after Word War II; quotas and restrictions had disappeared by the sixties. Al Gore's selection of Senator Joe Lieberman, an Orthodox Jew, as his running mate in 2000 was the symbolic end of American antisemitism."

Segment 2: "From the Archives: 'Abba Eban on Intolerance and Prejudice' ~ Selections from an interview on Ladies of the Press (3-17-1964)."
Real Media. MP3. Time: 2:13.
Cambridge-educated Abba Eban was one of Israel's most highly respected and astute Israeli statesman of the 20th century. He served as Israel's first ambassador to the UN from 1949 to 1959, and foreign minister between 1966-1974. In the interim, he served as Minister of Education and Culture from 1960 to 1963, during which he confronted some of the racial and ethnic hatreds that were perpetuated in many of the Jewish and Arab schools of the nation. In these short selections from an interview conducted with him on the "Ladies of the Press" television series in 1964, Eban addresses the perpetuation of anti-Jewish and anti-Arab prejudics.

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January 3, 2008
Segment 1, 3 and 4: "The Norman Thomas ~ Barry Goldwater Debate (November 1961)."
Segment 1: Norman Thomas' remarks
Real Media. MP3. Time: 23:54.
Segment 2: Barry Goldwater's remarks
Real Media. MP3. Time: 18:34.
Segment 3: Refutations
Real Media. MP3. Time: 20:53.
In late November of 1961, in Tuscon, Arizona, Socialist leader Norman Thomas debated Arizona Senator Barry Goldwater on socialism and capitalism. A recording of that debate was acquired by the Chicago Democratic Socialists of America branch from a Texas DSA member, and digitized by the branch's secretary, Robert Roman. We would like to thank Roman and the DSA for making that recording available to us. For more information about Norman Thomas, see: http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/USAthomas.htm. See also: Bernard K. Johnpoll, Pacifists Progress: Norman Thomas and the Decline of American Socialism (Greenwood Press, 1987); James C. Duram, Norman Thomas (Twayne, 1974); W. A. Swanberg, Norman Thomas: The Last Idealist (Scribner, 1976).

Segment 2: "Earl Browder on America's Town Meeting of the Air (10-24-1946)."
Real Media. MP3. Time: 8:41.
America's Town Meetings of the Air, a radio program initiated by George V. Denny Jr., presented weekly debates on various public affairs topics. Guest speakers representing diverse positions on an issue would address a core question, presenting their views. In this selection from an October 24, 1946 broadcast of the Town Meeting of the Air, former U.S. Communist party head Earl Browder -- who was expelled from the CPUSA in that year -- addressed the issue of the relationship between the U.S. Communist party and the American Labor movement. For more information about Browder, see: http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/USAbrowder.htm and http://www.bookrags.com/biography/earl-russell-browder/. See also: James G. Ryan, Earl Browder: The Failure of American Communism (Univ. of Alabama Press, 2005).

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